Title: "POPULAR PARITCIPATION AND THE MANAGEMENT OF SOLID WASTE IN THE CITY OF MARITUBA: an analysis based on the Fórum Permanente Fora Lixão of Marituba"
Student: REGIANE DO NASCIMENTO MARQUES DOS REIS
Summary: This research aims to present an analysis of the process of popular participation in solid waste management in the Metropolitan Region of Belém (RMB), through the representation of the Permanent Forum Fora Lixão (Out Waste Deposit) de Marituba (FPFLM), for interconnecting, planning and management of solid waste in the Municipality of Marituba-PA, in order to demonstrate its dialogue strategies with the executive, legislative and juridical powers in the RMB. In this context, Guamá Treatment of Waste is responsible for managing the landfill located in the municipality of Marituba where waste from the RMB is deposited. This project is a private landfill, installed with the consent of state environmental inspection agencies. However, it took a short time for the landfill to start to show problems. Since then, it has been generating social and environmental impacts, denounced by the FPFLM social movement, in which the contamination of soil, air and watersheds stand out. The popular movement demands of the competent authorities the closure of the landfill activities due to the socio-environmental damage it has been causing. We tried to understand how the process of management and implementation of the national solid waste policy in the RMB takes place and identifying how the process of solid waste management in the RMB has impacted the daily lives of the population residing in the Municipality of Marituba - PA . Based on the identified impacts, an attempt was made to understand the strategies developed by the FPFLM to demand solutions from the public authorities related to the disposal of solid waste in the landfill. In this way, it was possible to apprehend the advances and setbacks in the execution of solid waste treatment and final disposal services in the RMB, based on the participation of the FPFLM in decision-making spaces. The research was developed from the theoretical support of the critical historical method, having as methodological procedures bibliographic survey, survey and document analysis and a participant observation technique was carried out as well as a total of 05 (five) semi-structured interviews. In these, 03 (three) residents and FPFLM activists were interviewed, as well as 01 (one) Environmental Technician and 01 (one) ex-Secretary of Environment, both from the Department of Environment of the Municipality of Marituba/PA. Residents should have an effective guarantee of their participation not only in public hearings, but in the entire public sphere of the State, whether within the scope of the Legislative Power, whether in the scope of public policy planning and, equally, in the sphere of the inspection activity of the exercise of public power. However, the research revealed that decisions are imposed on the population, neutralizing popular participation in decision-making spaces.
Keywords: Solid waste; Popular participation; Permanent Forum Fora Lixão de Marituba; socio-environmental conflicts.
Profa. Dra. ROSELENE DE SOUZA PORTELA (Counselor)-UFPA
Profa. Dra. SANDRA HELENA RIBEIRO CRUZ (Internal Evaluation) – UFPA
Prof. Dr. ANDRE LUIS ASSUNCAO DE FARIAS (External Evaluator)-UFPA
Prof. Dr. PEDRO PAULO DE MIRANDA ARAUJO SOARES (External Evaluator)-UFAM
Location: Google Meet: meet.google.com/fjc-xytr-moe